The UK is currently in breach of air pollution limits set by the European Commission.
The Government was instructed to release a plan to reduce emissions. The Air Quality Plan was released in July 2017 and predominantly calls for the introduction of CAZs, positioned at multiple hot spot locations across the UK.
The vehicle standards for entering these CAZs will be Euro VI for diesel and Euro IV for petrol, any non-compliant vehicles will be charged upon entry to the zone, but not banned. The charges have yet to be confirmed, however estimates suggest it could be £20 per day for vans and £100 per day for HGVs.
There will be two phases to the UK’s Air Quality Plan, the first relates to London and the first five zones; Birmingham, Leeds, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton are expected to deliver their clean air zones by the end of 2019. London will be in place by April 2019, the others are to be confirmed.
The second phase relates to the additional 23 zones that will also be required across the UK, the feasibility studies for these areas will need to be completed no later than the 31st March 2018, local authorities then have until 31st December to identify their preferred option for their clean air zone. It should also be noted that unlike London, these clean air zones will only be enforced as long as they are needed, once emissions have reached a safe, compliant level, the zones will no longer be required, and should come to a close. Their exact duration however is unknown.
The Government have released a hierarchy of vehicles, in four chargeable CAZ categories;
• Category A- buses, coaches, taxis and private hire vehicles
• Category B- buses, coaches, (HGVs) taxis and private hire vehicles
• Category C- buses, coaches, HGVs, vans, minibuses, taxis and private hire vehicles
• Category D- buses, coaches, HGVs, vans, minibuses, taxis and private hire vehicles, cars, motorcycles and mopeds
These categories have been shared with the local authorities affected and will guide them when selecting the vehicles included within their chargeable CAZ to achieve their emission reduction target. The local authorities are unable to deviate from the categories and must select the categories in the order provided.
The document below provides the most up to date information FTA has on the progress of the individual clean air zones, check back here for regular updates.
Last updated 14th November 2018